The game of wheelchair tennis follows the ITF Rules of Tennis with the
a. The Two Bounce Rule
The wheelchair tennis player is allowed two bounces of the ball. The
player must return the ball before it hits the ground a third time. The
second bounce can be either in or out of the court boundaries.
b. The Wheelchair
The wheelchair is considered part of the body and all applicable rules,
which apply to a player's body, shall apply to the wheelchair.
c. The Service
i. The service shall be delivered in the following manner. Immediately
before commencing the service, the server shall be in a stationary
position. The server shall then be allowed one push before
striking the ball.
ii. The server shall throughout the delivery of the service not touch
with any wheel, any area other than that behind the baseline
within the imaginary extension of the centre mark and sideline.
iii. If conventional methods for the service are physically impossible
for a quadriplegic player, then the player or an individual may drop
the ball for such a player. However, the same method of serving
must be used each time.
d. Player Loses Point
A player loses a point if:
i. The player fails to return the ball before it has touched the ground
three times; or
ii. Subject to rule e) below the player uses any part of his feet or
lower extremities as brakes or as stabilisers while delivering service,
stroking a ball, turning or stopping against the ground or
against any wheel while the ball is in play; or
iii. The player fails to keep one buttock in contact with his wheelchair
seat when contacting the ball.
e. Propelling the Chair with the Foot
i. If due to lack of capacity a player is unable to propel the wheelchair
via the wheel then he may propel the wheelchair using one
ii. Even if in accordance with rule e) i. above a player is permitted to
propel the chair using one foot, no part of the player's foot may be
in contact with the ground:
a) during the forward motion of the swing, including when the
racket strikes the ball;
b) from the initiation of the service motion until the racket strikes
iii. A player in breach of this rule shall lose the point.
f. Wheelchair/Able-bodied Tennis
Where a wheelchair tennis player is playing with or against an ablebodied
person in singles or doubles, the Rules of Wheelchair Tennis
shall apply for the wheelchair player while the Rules of Tennis for ablebodied
tennis shall apply for the able-bodied player. In this instance,
the wheelchair player is allowed two bounces while the able-bodied
player is allowed only one bounce.
Note: The definition of lower extremities is: -the lower limb, including the
buttocks, hip, thigh, leg, ankle and foot.