a. Standard game
A standard game is scored as follows with the server's score being
No point- "Love"
First point - "15"
Second point - "30"
Third point - "40"
Fourth point - "Game"
except that if each player/team has won three points, the score is
"Deuce". After "Deuce, the score is "Advantage" for the player/team
who wins the next point. If that same player/team also wins the next
point, that player/team wins the "Game"; if the opposing player/team
wins the next point, the score is again "Deuce". A player/team needs to
win two consecutive points immediately after "Deuce" to win the
b. Tie-break game
During a tie-break game, points are scored "Zero","1", "2", "3", etc.
The first player/team to win seven points wins the "Game" and "Set", provided there is a margin of two points over the opponent(s). If necessary,
the tie-break game shall continue until this margin is achieved.
The player whose turn it is to serve shall serve the first point of
the tie-break game. The following two points shall be served by the
opponent(s) (in doubles, the player of the opposing team due to serve
next). After this, each player/team shall serve alternately for two consecutive
points until the end of the tie-break game (in doubles, the
rotation of service within each team shall continue in the same order
as during that set).
The player/team whose turn it was to serve first in the tie-break
game shall be the receiver in the first game of the following set.
Additional approved alternative scoring methods can be found in Appendix IV.
USTA Comment 1: The Tiebreak game is also known as the Set
Tiebreak. The Set Tiebreak should not be confused with the Match
Tiebreak (7-point or 10-point), which under certain circumstances
may be played in lieu of the deciding final set. The Match Tiebreak is
described in Appendix IV.
USTA Comment 2: Is the server required to call the score at the
beginning of each game and the point scores as the games go on in
matches without officials? Yes. This is required by The Code 31.
USTA Comment 3: The server states that the score is 40-15;
the receiver states that the score is 30-30. The players agree on who
won every point except for the second point. What should they do?
They should replay the second point from the advantage court. If the
server wins the point, the score becomes 40-15; if the receiver wins the
point, the score becomes 30-30. The next point is played from the
USTA Comment 4: What happens in the same situation as
USTA Comment 3 except that the disputed point is the third
point? Everything is done the same except that the disputed point is
played from the deuce court.
USTA Comment 5: The players agree that they have played
six points in the game but disagree over the score because they do
not agree on who won the second point. The receiver acknowledges
that the server called the score after each point and that the
receiver did not express disagreement with the score until now.
What should happen? The score as announced by the server should
prevail because the receiver did not object. Note, however, if the receiver
denied hearing the score, then an official would have to be
called to go through the normal 3-step process to settle the dispute.
USTA Comment 6: When do the players change ends? Players
change ends after every six points and at the end of the Tiebreak.
See Rule 10. They must change sides during the Tiebreak without
any break or delay.